a guide on how to drive in snow and ice

"Please avoid all unessential journeys and only drive if it is absolutely necessary."
Every winter we seem to hear the same warning from news readers and see pictures of rows and rows of cars stuck in snow and ice, abandoned by drivers who not prepared when they set off in the morning.
Therefore, anyone who has taken lessons not driven in the snow, should read our handy guide below and try to remember each point to ensure they do not suffer the same fate as many of the stranded drivers we all see on the news each year.
? The first point in all of this is, take the advice of the weather people and news readers and only set off if the journey is 100% essential and cannot be avoided.
? Make sure you make extra time for any journey. If it is a 20 minute journey I would leave 20 minutes early, this is to allow for yourself to take it nice and steady, to account for extra traffic and for your car to warm up before you set off.
? Make sure you turn the engine on before you de-ice the car. This way the engine can warm up a bit and it more ready for driving.
? Scrape and de-ice the car 100% properly. Get all of the front, side and back windows and mirrors. Scrape it using a scraper where possible as de-icer can sometimes leave a residue (it is always worth having a tin in the car though).
? Check your tire treads at the beginning and end of each journey. If they look worn or split. Get them replaced asap.
? Drive very slowly, in a high gear to prevent wheel spinning.
? Your steering will feel light so make sure your speed is slow enough that you are in control of it.
? Where possible, select second gear when pulling off.
? Try to drive at a consistent speed. This way you will be in more control.
? Make sure you have plenty of fuel in the tank and windscreen cleaner in the washers.
? Do not drive in wellies. Make sure you keep a spare pair of dry shoes in the car so your feet don’t slip off the pedals.
? Prepare for the worst. Pack an extra coat, blanket, water, food and shovel. If you get stranded you want to be prepared.
? Ensure someone at your end destination knows you are setting off and what route you are taking. Keep your phone with you and charged at all times.
? Check the weather forecasts and traffic reports before you leave.
? When driving down hill, select a low gear and let the car control the speed of descent.
? In normal conditions, the distance to the car in front should extend from one car length for every 10mph of speed to two or three car lengths depending on just how bad conditions are. For example, on snow and ice, cars traveling 40mph should be at least 8 to 12 car lengths apart.